07 Oct Tharros
The city of Tharros is located in Sardinia in the Gulf of Oristano, more precisely in the southern part of the Sinis Peninsula. Built between the seventh and eighth century BC by the Phoenician people in the Nuragic period. The city has become a real open-air museum, the main attractions are the temples, the “Tofet”, the baths, the city and the craft shops. Tharros is a natural amphitheatre overlooking the sea, limited by the isthmus of Cape S. Marco, the three hills of S. Giovanni and the hill “Su Murru Mannu”, located in the northern most area. In the city stands an ancient protohistoric village that contains the remains of two nuraghi, one in Cape S. Marco and one at the foot of the tower S. Giovanni, and also includes foundations of monuments. Since the protohistoric age are still in use two necropolis, the most famous is the one located on Cape S. Marco and the other located a few kilometers in the village of S. Giovanni of Sinis. On the hill there is also the “Tofet”, an ancient Punic sanctuary, consisting of a sacred fence, an entire open-air area containing ceramic artifacts, such as urns, stems, stumps or urns. The city is also surrounded by an imposing city wall. One of the most important places that attract many people is the Temple of the doric semi-columns, the most important feature of the temple is its grandeur, located in the center of the city, which was dismantled in part to build the “Temple K”, a temple crossed by a paved road that reaches an old Roman monument, it has two pillars and is accessible through five steps, inside is an altar with a Punic Egyptian throat frame. Tharros is also characterized by its funeral areas, containing Roman tombs with sarcophagi, Capuchin tombs and pits. The city is made up of several districts, one of which was specialized in metallurgical craftsmanship in the hill of “Su Murru Mannu”, where they were found all iron artifacts, with iron samples from Scano Montiferru. The city also preserves the remains of some spas, in total three, which included a dressing room, three heated rooms, two furnaces for heating the rooms and various service areas. An aqueduct was built for the operation of the baths, whose traces are still visible along the road leading to the archaeological site and along the slope that descends to the beach. Finally, the city offers a beautiful church near S. Giovanni, built in blocks of sandstone, with a spectacular general layout.