The Temple/Altar of Monte d’Accoddi (from the archaic kodi, ‘stone’), dating back five thousand years, is a unique ziqqurat in Europe for its singularity of architectural types. It was discovered in the middle of the 20th century.
When you visit it, you feel a sense of bewilderment and you perceive a strong ancestral energy that captures your gaze and involves you spiritually. It is said to be an altar dedicated to the Moon, precisely to two moon gods, the God Narna and the Goddess Ningal.
Legend says that the altar was commissioned by a Mesopotamian king named Uruk, which is why it took the shape of a ziqqurat. Situated along the SS131 way, in the direction of Porto Torres, thanks to archaeological and historical research carried out, the altar is the overlapping of two phases, that of the ‘red temple’, in the final Neolithic (3500-2900 BC), and the subsequent ‘stepped temple’, in the Eneolithic (about 2700 BC). On the sides of the Altar, an elongated menhir (four and a half meters high), a huge slab with seven holes (perhaps to tie the victims) and spheroidal stone boulders, one of five meters in circumference. Around 2800 B.C., the structure of the ‘red temple’, abandoned for about two centuries, was covered by a colossal filling of earth, stones and calcareous marl, in turn ‘covered’ by large blocks of stone. The building preserved its religious function for a millennium: at its feet were found remains of ‘sacred meals’ and objects used in propitiatory rites. The site was abandoned at the beginning of the ancient Bronze Age (1800 B.C.) and reused occasionally for burials.
Studies are still in progress to define even better the historical and archaeological setting of the Altar of Monte d’Accoddi, certainly is that the symbolism helps us in defining the steps as having a probable function of ascent and ascent to heaven.
Archaeological research has also returned many finds that recall the “Cult of the Mother Goddess” which is the basis of the first spiritual conceptions of Europe and the Mediterranean, in which Sardinia is perfectly inserted. Fragments of statuettes, and two stone steles carved in stone refer without equivocation to this type of ancestral religiosity, linked to the earth and the feminine principle. The “Cult of the Mother Goddess” venerated and honoured the divine aspects linked to the creation of life, with the mysteries of birth and death.